People of all ages and sizes took to the chilly waters at the mouth of the River Derwent at Long Beach, south east of Hobart, for a midwinter sunrise dip wearing nothing but matching red swimming caps.Top, from left to right: Hobart from the air, a gazebo in Royal Tasmanian Botanical Gardens, Sandy Bay beach, Tasman Bridge, Cascade Brewery, Hobart Cenotaph, Wrest Point Hotel Casino, Salamanca Market Hobart is Australia's second oldest capital city after Sydney, New South Wales.The early 20th century saw a period of growth on the back of mining, agriculture and other primary industries, and the loss of men who served in world wars was counteracted by an influx of immigration after World War II.In the later years of the 20th century, migrants increasingly arrived to settle in Hobart from Asia.He writes of Hobart and the Derwent estuary in his Voyage of the Beagle: ...The lower parts of the hills which skirt the bay are cleared; and the bright yellow fields of corn, and dark green ones of potatoes, appear very luxuriant...The city, initially known as Hobart Town or Hobarton, was named after Lord Hobart, the British secretary of state for war and the colonies.
Although Hobart itself rarely receives snow during the winter (the city's geographic position keeps temperatures from plummeting far below zero), the adjacent kunanyi/Mount Wellington is often seen with a snowcap.
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Hobart Town became a city on 21 August 1842, and was renamed Hobart from the beginning of 1881.
Hobart is located on the estuary of the Derwent River in the state's south-east.
Geologically Hobart is built predominantly on Jurassic dolerite around the foothills interspersed with smaller areas of Triassic siltstone and Permian mudstone.